It may seem that growing cannabis is easy but it’s not. It requires patience and a little bit of training – for yourself and your plant. So, this article will explain the methods of training cannabis plants. This involves manipulating the shape and the height of the plant. There may be several reasons:
Remember that the manipulation of the crown is stressful for the plant. It is not necessary to strain the plant, which is already sick or stopped in growth. Do not apply the following methods to fragrant sprouts. Only to healthy, mature, and actively growing cannabis plants. You also need to remember that it will take time for the plant to overcome stress and regain strength. Also, always use sterile instruments for cutting to avoid infecting the plant.
And now let’s briefly review the main methods of training cannabis plants.
Topping means cutting the main stem of your cannabis plant. But you can apply it to the side branches too. Usually, growers use this method of topping cannabis when the plant is too tall for the grow space. The cut is made above the knot to leave a short stump. At the base of this stump, in the axils of the fan leaves, is a place where new colas can form. As a result, instead of one central stem, we can get two colas.
Topping cannabis plants has another very important effect. The tops of the cannabis plants produce auxin. This hormone forces the plant to direct all the basic energy to the cuts. The same hormone also contributes to the growth of the lower side branches. So, the cutting of the main promotes a more active development of the lower branches. This makes the plant’s crown bushier.
The trimming of the stem should be done at the vegetative stage of the growth. Besides, it’s better to do it at night when most of the hormones are directed to the roots.
It is worth keeping in mind that certain cannabis strains react well to topping, while others do not. We advise taking into account this information when choosing a strain.
FIM (Fuck I Missed) Cannabis
FIM differs from simple plucking in that the incision is made somewhat lower, capturing both fan leaves and part of the embryo nodes in their sinuses. Another option is that 90% of the top growth is removed and only 10% is left. This method of trimming allows you to get not only two new colas but up to eight. But it’s done when the plant is at the end of vegetative stage or beginning of flowering.
Super Cropping Cannabis
Super cropping involves softening the stem in a certain place, squeezing and massaging it between the thumb and forefinger. Thus, the stem begins to bend easily. It can be put horizontally or even bent down and tied up on the side. This will lead to two things. First, the side branches will start to develop rapidly. And secondly, the stem in this place will not only heal and become stronger but also thicker. As a result, the flow of water and nutrients through the stem will become freer, and this will lead to an increase in yield. The word “super cropping” just means getting supernatural.
LST (Low-Stress Training) Cannabis
Low-stress training is perhaps the easiest way to control the height and shape of the desired crown. Plants seem to flatten in one place. So, the distance from the lamp to any part of the plant is the same. Making of such a bend is easy. You have to bend the central stem or side branch and fix with a string or coated wire. You can tie branches to each other or to the edge of the pot. The main rule here is that the strongest, vigorously growing shoots are sent to the periphery. The weaker ones stay in the center under the grow light itself.
As a result, we will have achieved an even height for all the branches and higher yields applying low stress.
SCROG (Screen of Green) Cannabis
SCROG is a more complex version of LST. Instead of strings or coated wires, a mesh-like screen is used. It’s easy to make such a screen. Make a wooden frame according to the dimensions of the grow space and use thick strings to form a mesh-like pattern inside the frame.
Next, the grid is fixed horizontally at a certain height. When the top of the cannabis reaches the mesh screen, it is put to the sides. Here the rule is exactly the same as with LST – the most vigorously growing shoots are sent from the center to the edges of the grid.
Get ready for the fact that this won’t be a one-off work. A directed sideways tip immediately bends upward and through one of the cells is pulled to the side of light. Gently put it back in the net. The same is done for the side branches, day after day turning the cannabis bush into a green carpet spreading along the screen.
This work can be done until the second week of growing the plant. In the end, when the whole screen is full, stop moving the branches. After this, the branches will begin to rise from the grid vertically upwards and develop flowers that will become thicker.
Note that all branches failing to grow above the screen have to be removed. Under the thick carpet of the upper branches, they will only be in an eternal shadow. It is necessary to cut them so that the whole bush doesn’t waste energy on them.
SOG (Sea of Green) Cannabis
SOG is all about how to use the energy of the grow light most effectively in a confined space. One of the best ways is to put a lot of plants next to each other. Then, prevent the plants from growing too tall which can be achieved by putting them into the flowering stage while they are still small.
Sea of Green simply refers to having many small cannabis plants instead of a few bigger ones. As a result, all of the crowns are going to be about the same height and at an equal distance from the grow light.
Sea of Green is the most suitable method for growing from cannabis clones. But, it’s not always appropriate for growing from seeds because some strains are not sufficiently stable. The seedlings come up at different times and grow at uneven speed. Most importantly, they might belong to different phenotypes – each of them might look differently. One could be chunky, the other – elongated, another – bushy.
And even if the cannabis strain is stable (giving identical plants from seeds), it might not be suitable for the SOG method. The most optimal cannabis strains are those that form one central cola and a minimum of lateral branches. Cannabis strains with a tendency to branch strongly and grow in width are not appropriate for the SOG.
So, when choosing a cannabis strain, it is advisable to find out about its properties and whether it is recommended for the SOG beforehand.
When cultivating cannabis in 12/12 mode from the seed the SOG method will be possible with almost any strain, because plants receiving only 12 hours of light from seeds rarely become bushy.
Cannabis Grow Guide
Even though these cannabis training methods might seem difficult, they’re not. They’re simply challenging at first. Some of these methods like FIM, LST, and super cropping I have covered before in the article 4 Awesome Marijuana Growing Tips.
But, for achieving the best results in growing marijuana, don’t forget about the basics – water, nutrients, quality LEDs and proven seeds from a trusted online seed seller.
No matter if you’re a beginner grower or an experienced one, check out my Growing Guide for useful cannabis growing tips. As well as, take a look at my How to Grow Marijuana article series for a more detailed information:
Have you tried any of these cannabis training methods? Leave a comment below.
- Posted by zionista
- On September 21, 2017
- 0 Comments